Kosovo

Background of conflict

The population of Kosovo is majority ethnic Albanians with a small population of ethnic Serbs particularly in the north of the territory close to the border between the Kosovo and Serbia. Violent tensions between these two communities have been present throughout the 20th Century, although supressed between 1945 and 1980 as the socialist government of Tito promoted the autonomy of Kosovo in order to dilute the power of Serbia.

The death of Tito and the gradual breakup of the former Yugoslavia led to increased inter-ethnic tensions throughout the 1980s. In 1989, Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević imposed direct rule over Kosovo from Belgrade and instigated a policy of cultural oppression against the ethnic Albanian population, suppression of the Albanian language and appropriation of cultural heritage assets, museum collections and archives to Belgrade.

In response Kosovo declared independence, however few countries recognised the state and Kosovo’s status was not resolved in the Dayton Agreement that ended the Bosnian War in November 1995.

By 1996 the Kosovo Liberation Army began armed conflict in a campaign against the Yugoslav Army and Serbian paramilitary police resulting in the Kosovo war. By the time the Serbians left Kosovo following the NATO intervention, over a million people had been displaced, at least 10,000 civilians had been killed.

The past thirty years, first of violence and dislocation, but also abounding creative production, followed by state-building and international interventions, have left lasting marks on Kosovo’s cultural heritage. Many of Kosovo’s unique architectural heritage was damaged or destroyed during the conflict with the loss of the associated cultural practices and intangible heritage. Currently there are almost two thousand heritage sites under temporary protection in Kosovo and only twenty-three under permanent protection.

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Seminars
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Welcome and Project Introduction

Dr Gehan Selim

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Keynote Session: Re-interpretation of Cultural Heritage: Narratives, Landmarks, and Methodologies

Dr Florina Jerliu

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Online Participatory Action Research Workshop

Dr Nita Luci & Dr Linda Gusia

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Outputs showcase
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School House
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Prishtina School House
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Project Partners
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Dr Luci is associate professor and co-founder of the University Program for Gender Studies and Research at the University of Prishtina. Her research focusses on gender and manhood, state, post-socialism, political movements, international interventions, art and memory.

She serves on the boards of civil-society organizations in Kosovo and advises on national programming and policy in gender equality for Kosovo.

Dr Nita Luci

University of Prishtina, Kosovo

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Dr Gusia is lecturer in sociology and co-founder of the University Program for Gender Studies and Research at the University of Prishtina. Her research focusses on gender, nationalism, activism, representation, public space, memory and violence. Her work examines how the voices of the survivors of sexual violence and the politics of gender are represented in the practices of memorialization, commemoration and the cinematography in the post conflict society of Kosovo.

Dr Linda Gusia

University of Prishtina, Kosovo

Research Assistants
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Elmaze is a sociologist and co-founder of Alter Habitus Institute for Studies in Culture and Society. Her work seeks to improve higher education in Kosovo to create a cadre of new leaders through the scholarships program and support for higher education institutions.

Elmaze Gashi

Independent researcher, Kosovo

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Jeta studies Sociology at the University of Prishtina. Her work focuses on the role of human rights, gender equality and conflict within social justice and development. She works with international and local civil society organizations and is a member of the steering committee at the University Program for Gender Studies and Research.

Jeta Rexha

University of Prishtina, Kosovo

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Participants
Acknowledgements

Vjollca Aliu

Saranda Bogujevci

Dr Florina Jerliu

Yll Rugova

Arta Arifi

Alisa Gojani

Shemsi Krasniqi

Sali Shoshi

Blerta Basholli

Blerta Ismaili

Nora Prekazi